Cyber law is that stream of law where all the cyber-crimes such as theft, fraud, etc. all of which are subject to the Indian Penal Code are addressed by the Information Technology Act, 2000. With advanced technology and changing times, almost all the processes are now going on IT platform. This is giving rise to increase of cyber-crimes in India as well as abroad.
Cyber-crimes are broadly categorized in two different categories:
(1) Using a computer to target other computer – for eg. Virus attacks, hacking, etc.
(2) Using a computer to commit crimes – for eg. Credit card frauds, cyber terrorism, etc.
Cyber-crime is a criminal exploitation of the internet. A misconduct that is committed against an individual or groups of individuals with an unlawful intention to hurt the position of the victim or cause any mental or physical harm to the victim directly or indirectly by using advanced IT and related sources such as Internet and mobile phones is termed as cyber-crime. Such crimes may be harmful for a country.
All these activities leading to crimes have given rise to a relatively new field in law for protecting the interests of an individual which is called cyber law. Cyber law is important because it touches almost all aspects of transactions and activities on and concerning the Internet, the World Wide Web and Cyberspace.
Cyber law is concerned with every individual these days. This is primarily because we all use internet in some or the other form daily. Internet is used when we create any account online, while performing e-commerce transactions, net banking, sending or receiving emails, surfing the net to take out some important information, etc.
There are several advantages of Cyber Law to protect the individuals from getting trapped in any cyber violations. The IT Act 2000 provides several guidelines in this regard.
- Organizations shall now be able to carry out e-commerce using the legal infrastructure provided by the Act.
- The Act throws open the doors for the entry of corporate companies in the business of being Certifying Authorities for issuing Digital Signatures Certificates.
- Under the IT Act, 2000, it shall now be possible for corporates to have a statutory remedy in case if anyone breaks into their computer systems or network and cause loss.
- The Act now allows Government to issue notification on the web thus indicating e-governance.
- The IT Act also addresses the important issues of security, which are so critical to the success of electronic transactions.
It is to be noted that since cyber law cannot be restricted to a geographical area, therefore, a single transaction may involve the laws of at least three authorities: (1) the laws of the state/nation in which the user resides, (2) the laws of the state/nation that apply where the server hosting the transaction is located, and 3) the laws of the state/nation which apply to the person or business with whom the transaction takes place.
There is a tremendous scope of cyber law in India as the number of activities through internet is on increase with the changing times, the requirement for cyber laws and their application is gathering momentum and hence the career option as a cyber-lawyer seems very lucrative option for students.
The requirements of being a successful cyber lawyer:
- Capability of analyzing a problem along with a deep understanding of the subject.
- Good observer and ready to accept challenges
- The person should be technically aware of the changes taking place in the IT sector.
- Being quick and concerned to look at the web as an information provider are the other two qualities.
As for this branch of law is concerned, there are several job opportunities which are on its way for students who aspire to be into cyber law. One can join as a cyber-consultant in an IT firm, police departments or in banks, or as research assistants in a law firm, or a technology firms, or as advisers to web developers, in the ministry of information & technology or in corporate houses.
If you are still confused about choosing cyber law as your main stream career option or you are still not aware of the scope of cyber law, come and meet us and we would be able to guide you on the future prospects of cyber law in India and abroad.