What is CLAT?

Common Law Entrance Test or CLAT is a centralized test for taking admission in 14 eminent law colleges under the National Law Universities in India. Candidates can apply for CLAT undergraduate program after passing their Higher Secondary Examination/ Intermediate Examination (10+2) or its equivalent examination. The first CLAT exam was held in 2008 and has now become one of the most competitive admission tests in India.

Fourteen participating National Law Universities are:

NLSIU – National Law School of India University, Bangalore NALSAR – NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad NLIU – The National Law Institute University, Bhopal
WBNUJS – The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata NLU – National Law University, Jodhpur HNLU – Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur
GNLU – Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar RMLNLU – Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow RGNUL – Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala
CNLU – Chanakya National Law University, Patna NUALS – National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi NLUO – National Law University, Orissa
NUSRL – National University of Study & Research in Law, Ranchi NLSJA – National Law University & Judicial Academy, Assam


Examination pattern: Written exam (multiple-choice questions)

Negative marking: Yes

Age criteria: Below 20 years of age on 1st July of the admission year.

Educational Qualification

  • A candidate should have cleared his 10+2 or obtained a equivalent certificate from a recognized board.

  • Should have scored a minimum of 45 percent marks as aggregate. Candidates who have appeared for 10+2 exam can also apply subject to conditions.

Exam pattern

Total marks: 200

Total number of questions: 200

Duration of the exam: 2 hours



English including comprehension


General Knowledge (GK)/ Current Affairs


Elementary mathematics (Numerical Ability)


Logical Reasoning


Legal Aptitude


Total marks



Tie-Breaking for LLB

When two candidates score equal marks, then the tie is usually broken in this manner:

  • Higher marks in the section of legal aptitude
  • Higher age
  • Computerized draw of lots


Preparing for CLAT

While preparing for CLAT exam, it is very important to give emphasis on each section of the paper. It is obvious that because it is going to be an entrance exam, therefore, predicting on the syllabus or questions is not a feasible option but rather, it is advisable to have a rigorous practice on the important fundamentals that can come under each section:

  1. English

Proficiency in English is always given greater importance in all the entrance examinations. It comprises of:

  • Comprehension – clearly understanding passage and answering questions on the basis of the same.

  • Grammar – correcting the sentences, word meanings, fill in the blanks, etc.

How to prepare for English

  • Understanding the basics of Grammar

  • It is advisable to learn few new words every day and know their synonyms & antonyms as well to understand the comprehension part.

  • Solving past years’ question papers and allotting time to solve them within a given time-frame.

  • Reading English newspapers, magazines, articles, etc. as much as possible on a regular basis.

  1. General Knowledge (GK)/ Current Affairs

General Knowledge always plays an important role and therefore, it is advisable to be updated about current affairs and general topics all the time. It is not possible to be aware of everything but, that’s ok! We will give you some quick tips on how to crack this section.

How to prepare for GK/ Current Affairs

  • Have a glance at the latest GK books available.
  • Be updated about the latest happenings within your country and in the world and it is advisable to start ASAP!
  • Newspapers and watching news helps a lot and you should be regularly doing this.
  • Attempt as many mock tests as possible.
  • Refer to past question papers, see the pattern of the occurrence of the questions and prepare accordingly.
  1. Elementary mathematics (Numerical Ability)

This portion is the most scoring out of the all. Infact, one can even score full marks in this section. The syllabus in this section is elementary mathematics (i.e. till 10th standard) and therefore, it is suggested to be well versed with the formulas and fundamentals.

How to prepare for Mathematics

  • Concepts should be clear as this makes it very easy to answer the questions.

  • Referring to previous years’ question papers to check the pattern and topics covered each year in the paper.

  • Setting a time and then, solving the paper within the time frame.

  1. Logical Reasoning

This test evaluates the candidate’s ability to think logically, identify patterns, spot correct arguments, etc. It will comprise of questions from syllogism, analogies, logical sequence, etc.

How to prepare for Logical Reasoning

  • Learning tricks and short cuts to solve the problems easily
  • Solving out as many problems as possible by referring to more of logical reasoning books.

  • Previous years’ question paper should be referred to have an idea of the questions in the exams

  • Setting a time frame and managing to solve the paper within that. This will help in completing the paper on time without leaving any questions unattempted.


  1. Legal Aptitude

The test will help in assessing the candidate’s ability to solve problems related to law and related topics. The test includes questions where legal principles are to be applied to certain situations. The candidate’s judgment on any situation is observed in this section.

The score in legal aptitude will be used to break the ‘tie.’ By ‘tie,’ we mean when two or more students score equal marks, then the score in this section will be used to decide the better of the two. So, it is important that you score well in this section.

How to prepare for Legal Aptitude

  • Understanding the problem methodically and providing a logical conclusion

  • Referring to previous years’ question papers and try to solve as much as possible.

  • Setting a time frame while attempting this section and identifying the time required solving this section.

For more information, you can visit the website: http://www.clat.ac.in/

How to Crack CLAT?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Time limit is exhausted. Please reload CAPTCHA.